The industrial production of non-woven fabrics has been going on for nearly 100 years. Industrial production of non-woven fabrics in the modern sense began to appear in the 1878, and the British company William Bywater developed a successful needle-punching machine in the world. The real non-woven industrial modernization of production began after the Second World War, with the end of the war, the global waste waiting to rise, the demand for a variety of textiles is growing. In this case, non-woven fabric obtained the rapid development, so far has roughly experienced four stages:
First, the embryonic period, is the early 1940s-50s, most of the textile enterprises use off-the-shelf prevention equipment, appropriate transformation, the use of natural fibers to manufacture non-woven materials. During this period, only the United States, Germany and the United Kingdom and a few other countries in the research and production of non-woven fabrics, its products mainly thick wadding class of non-woven fabrics. Second, the commercial production period is the late 1950s-late 1960s, at this time mainly using dry-process technology and wet-process technology, using a large number of chemical fibers to produce nonwovens.
Third, the important development period, the early 1970s-late 1980s, at this time polymerization, extrusion complete set of production lines were born. The rapid development of special non-woven fibers, such as low melting point fibers, heat-bonded fibers, bicomponent fibers, superfine fibers, etc. . During this period, the global nonwovens production reached 20,000 tons, output value of more than 200 million U. S. dollars. This is a new industry based on the cooperation among petrochemical, plastic chemical, fine chemical, paper-making and textile industries, known as the sunrise industry in textile industry, its products have been widely used in various sectors of the national economy. On the basis of the rapid growth of nonwovens production, nonwovens technology has made a lot of substantial progress, which has attracted the attention of the world, and the production area of nonwovens has also expanded rapidly. Fourth, the global development period, the early 1990s to date, non-woven enterprises have been considerable development. Through the technical innovation of equipment, optimization of product structure, intelligentization of equipment and market branding, nonwoven technology becomes more advanced and mature, equipment becomes more sophisticated, nonwoven materials and product performance significantly improved, production capacity and product series continue to expand, new products, new technologies and new applications emerge one after another.
Post time: Nov-07-2022